hotels

hotels
The Chinese have always travelled. Officials take up posts in distant places; traders accompany their goods on short or long-distance journeys; pilgrims travel to famous religious sites; others travel to visit friends or relatives or to find work; and still others are tourists pursuing exoticism or simply a different space and time. When they have no friends or relatives to stay with at the destination, people stay at some kind of serviced accommodation such as hotels or guesthouses. The imperial government ran an extensive guesthouse system to cater for all government travellers including officials, clerks and messengers. Privately run inns catered for private travellers. Travelling monks stayed at temples. Major pilgrimage sites had dormitories. All of these establishments also provided important complementary services such as food, drink (tea and wine), hot baths and sometimes even sensual pleasure (prostitutes and sing-song girls). Western-style hotels came to China during the Republican period (1912–49), but had a presence only in Shanghai and other foreign concessions. The state-run guesthouse system persisted through the high socialist era until today.
There were only state-run guesthouses during the Maoist era because all privately owned inns and hotels were nationalized. The restriction on private citizens’ travel also drastically reduced the need for hotels. The ability to travel and stay at guesthouses (zhaodaisuo) was a privilege available mostly to cadres. Just as in imperial times, differently ranked cadres received different grades of rooms and services. The very few foreign visitors were mostly foreign dignitaries who were received at designated guesthouses (e.g. Beijing’s Friendship Hotel). The reform era opened the hotel field dramatically. Foreign and overseas tourists swarmed in and luxury hotels sprang up in major cities. The five-star hotel-accreditation system was introduced. Chinese people who became rich during the reform era and executives of larger companies also became customers of luxury hotels. People travel for business and pleasure like never before in Chinese history, and the number of hotels of all grades will only increase at a faster speed, making hotels one of the most visible institutions in China’s urban landscape.
ADAM YUET CHAU

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hôtels — HÔTELS: Ne sont bons qu en Suisse …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • Hôtels — Hôtel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hotel. Un hôtel appartenant à l’État, à Cienfuegos, Cuba. Un hôtel est un établissement offran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hotels de Walt Disney World — Hôtels de Walt Disney World Walt Disney World est le premier site touristique mondial privé, atteignant à lui seul entre 30 et 40 millions de visiteurs par an. Disney a créé autour de ses parcs de nombeux hôtels, presque tous thématisés et dont… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hôtels De Walt Disney World — Walt Disney World est le premier site touristique mondial privé, atteignant à lui seul entre 30 et 40 millions de visiteurs par an. Disney a créé autour de ses parcs de nombeux hôtels, presque tous thématisés et dont la plupart sont des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hôtels de walt disney world — Walt Disney World est le premier site touristique mondial privé, atteignant à lui seul entre 30 et 40 millions de visiteurs par an. Disney a créé autour de ses parcs de nombeux hôtels, presque tous thématisés et dont la plupart sont des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hotels in Toronto — have been some of the most prominent buildings in the city and the hotel industry is one of the city s most important. The Greater Toronto Area has 183 hotels with a total of almost 36,000 rooms. In 2004 there were 8.7 million room nights sold. [ …   Wikipedia

  • Hotels de Disneyland Resort Paris — Hôtels de Disneyland Resort Paris Disneyland Resort Paris est la première destination touristique privée européenne. Afin d offrir aux visiteurs la possibilité d allonger leur séjour sans quitter le complexe, Disney a prévu dès l origine du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hôtels De Disneyland Resort Paris — Disneyland Resort Paris est la première destination touristique privée européenne. Afin d offrir aux visiteurs la possibilité d allonger leur séjour sans quitter le complexe, Disney a prévu dès l origine du projet, la présence d hôtels thématisés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hôtels de disneyland resort paris — Disneyland Resort Paris est la première destination touristique privée européenne. Afin d offrir aux visiteurs la possibilité d allonger leur séjour sans quitter le complexe, Disney a prévu dès l origine du projet, la présence d hôtels thématisés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hotels particuliers de Caen — Hôtels particuliers de Caen Caen, capitale de la Basse Normandie, abrita de nombreuses familles nobles et bourgeoises qui se firent construire des hôtels particuliers. Les bombardements de 1944 en détruisirent une grande partie, notamment dans le …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”